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Social well-being among adolescents and young adults with cancer: A systematic review.

TitleSocial well-being among adolescents and young adults with cancer: A systematic review.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsWarner EL, Kent EE, Trevino KM, Parsons HM, Zebrack BJ, Kirchhoff AC
JournalCancer
Volume122
Issue7
Pagination1029-37
Date Published2016 Apr 1
ISSN1097-0142
KeywordsAdaptation, Psychological, Adolescent, Adult, Child, Female, Humans, Male, Neoplasms, Quality of Life, Social Support, Survivors, Young Adult
Abstract

BACKGROUND: A cancer diagnosis during adolescence or young adulthood may negatively influence social well-being. The existing literature concerning the social well-being of adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with cancer was reviewed to identify gaps in current research and highlight priority areas for future research.

METHODS: A systematic review of the scientific literature published in English from 2000 through 2014 was performed. Eligible studies included patients and survivors diagnosed between the ages of 15 to 39 years that reported on social well-being domains in the City of Hope Cancer Survivor Quality of Life Model. Each article was reviewed for relevance using a standardized template. A total of 253 potential articles were identified. After exclusions, a final sample of 26 articles identified domains of social well-being that are believed to be understudied among AYAs with cancer: 1) educational attainment, employment, and financial burden; 2) social relationships; and 3) supportive care. Articles were read in their entirety, single coded, and summarized according to domain.

RESULTS: AYAs with cancer report difficulties related to employment, educational attainment, and financial stability. They also report problems with the maintenance and development of peer and family relationships, intimate and marital relationships, and peer support. Supportive services are desired among AYAs. Few studies have reported results in reference to comparison samples or by cancer subtypes.

CONCLUSIONS: Future research studies on AYAs with cancer should prioritize the inclusion of underserved AYA populations, more heterogeneous cancer samples, and comparison groups to inform the development of supportive services. Priority areas for potential intervention include education and employment reintegration, and social support networks.

DOI10.1002/cncr.29866
Alternate JournalCancer
PubMed ID26848713
Grant ListK07 CA175063 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States
K07CA175063 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States