|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2018|
|Authors||Margolis B, Blinderman C, de Meritens ABuckley, Chatterjee-Paer S, Ratan RB, Prigerson HG, Hou JY, Burke WM, Wright JD, Tergas AI|
|Journal||Am J Hosp Palliat Care|
|Date Published||2018 Apr|
BACKGROUND: Obstetrics and gynecology (OB/GYN) residents receive little formal training in conducting code status discussions (CSDs).
OBJECTIVE: We piloted an educational intervention to improve resident confidence and competence at conducting CSDs.
DESIGN: The OB/GYN residents at a single institution participated in a 3-part educational program. First, participants reviewed a journal article and completed an online module. Second, they received a didactic lecture followed by a resident-to-resident mock CSD. Finally, participants had a videotaped CSD with a standardized patient (SP). Pre- and postintervention surveys and performance evaluations were analyzed. A subgroup analysis was performed on those with completed data sets.
RESULTS: Participants included 24 residents in postgraduate years (PGY) 1 to 4: 85% were female with a mean age of 29 years; 83% completed the entrance survey; 63% completed the SP CSD; and 42% completed of all parts of the intervention. Residents initially felt most prepared to discuss treatment options (3.3/5 on a Likert scale) and less prepared to discuss hospice, end-of-life care, and code status (2.2/5, 2.2/5, and 2.3/5, respectively). Performance during the resident-to-resident CSD was variable with scores (% of skills achieved) ranging from 27% to 93% (mean 64%). Performance at the SP encounter was similar with scores ranging from 40% to 73% (mean 56%). After intervention, residents felt more prepared for CSDs (3.7/5) and end-of-life care (3.9/5). The subgroup analysis failed to show a significant change in skill performance from the first to the second CSD.
CONCLUSION: Participants found the components of this intervention helpful and reported improved confidence at conducting CSDs.
|Alternate Journal||Am J Hosp Palliat Care|