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Development of the Bereavement Risk Inventory and Screening Questionnaire (BRISQ): Item generation and expert panel feedback.

TitleDevelopment of the Bereavement Risk Inventory and Screening Questionnaire (BRISQ): Item generation and expert panel feedback.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsRoberts K, Holland J, Prigerson HG, Sweeney C, Corner G, Breitbart W, Lichtenthal WG
JournalPalliat Support Care
Pagination1-10
Date Published2016 Aug 12
ISSN1478-9523
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Following the loss of a loved one to cancer, a significant subset of bereaved family members are at heightened risk for mental and physical health problems; however, these family members often "fall through the cracks" of the healthcare system. A brief, clinically useful self-report bereavement risk-screening tool could facilitate more effective identification of family members in need of psychosocial support before and after a cancer loss. Thus, the purpose of this study was to develop and refine the Bereavement Risk Inventory and Screening Questionnaire (BRISQ), a self-report bereavement screening tool, and to assess its utility using feedback from bereavement experts.

METHOD: Quantitative and qualitative feedback from a panel of 15 clinical and research experts in bereavement was obtained through an online survey to identify the most clinically useful items and understand expert opinion on bereavement screening.

RESULTS: The qualitative and quantitative feedback were synthesized, resulting in a 22% reduction of the item pool. While there was a general consensus between experts on the most clinically useful risk factors for bereavement-related mental health challenges and on the utility of screening, they also offered feedback on language and formatting that guided substantial revisions to the BRISQ.

SIGNIFICANCE OF RESULTS: These findings were utilized to refine the BRISQ in preparation for a second study to obtain family member feedback on the measure. By incorporating both expert and family member feedback, the intention is to create a screening tool that represents top clinical and research knowledge in bereavement in a way that effectively addresses barriers to care.

DOI10.1017/S1478951516000626
Alternate JournalPalliat Support Care
PubMed ID27516152